In Vogue Italia appeared in November 2003 this series by Steven Meisel with the title “Mother Nature”. We see some skinny models posing in abandoned buildings or a deserted landscape.
These images didn’t quote any paintings but they refer in my opinion to a lot of post-apocalyptic movies and fiction. Here only a screenshot from the movie "Downstream" (2009).
Here you will find more about post-apocalyptic stuff.